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Aniseed China Star Essential Oil - 10ml

3.50

Aniseed China Star Essential Oil - 10ml

Aniseed China Star Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Illicium Verum.

Country Of Origin: China.

Aroma: Spicy-sweet scent similar to fennel.

Perfume Note: Middle.

Extraction Description: Steam distilled. Aniseed China Star oil is obtained by the distillation of the seeds.

General: Aniseed China Star. Originally native to Greece and Egypt, now widely cultivated. An annual herb, less than a metre high, with delicate leaves and white flowers. Added to perfumes for a rich, sweet fragrance. Use diluted as a rub to help with digestive upsets. Traditionally used as deodorant.

Properties: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, galactagogue, stimulant, stomachic.

Blends Well With: bay, cedarwood, eucalyptus, dill, fennel, ginger, mandarin, petitgrain, peppermint, rosemary.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Aniseed Essential Oil - 10ml

3.19

Aniseed Essential Oil - 10ml

Aniseed Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Pimpinella anisum.

Country Of Origin: China.

Aroma: Sweet clean odour. Liquorice type aroma.

Perfume Note: Middle.

Extraction Description: Steam distilled. Aniseed China Star oil is obtained by the distillation of the seeds.

General: Aniseed Essential Oil. Cheering, sense enhancing, mildly euphoric. Added to perfumes for a rich, sweet fragrance. Widely used as a domestic spice. In Turkey the popular alcoholic drink, raki, is made from the seed. Traditionally used as deodorant. Native to Greece, Turkey & Egypt, now widely cultivated mainly in India and China and to a lesser extent in Mexico and Spain.

Properties: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, galactagogue, stimulant, stomachic.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Basil Essential Oil -10ml

3.55

Basil Essential Oil -10ml

100% Pure Basil Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum.

Country Of Origin: Egypt.

Family Name: Labiatae.

Aroma: Very clear, sweet and slightly spicy.

General: Basil oil is produced by distilling the leaves of the herb. It has a slightly licorice aroma. Basil originated in India and Hindus have used it for centuries in medicine.

Some Traditional Uses: To help lift and brighten your mood, improve mental clarity and memory.

Emotional Profile: For relieving indecision and doubts, lack of direction.

Blends Well With: Bergamot, black pepper, clary sage, geranium, hyssop, lavender, marjoram, melissa, neroli, sandalwood, verbena.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Basil Organic Essential Oil -10ml

5.00

Basil Organic Essential Oil -10ml

100% Pure Basil Organic Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Fully certified.

Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum.

Country Of Origin: Central Asia.

Family Name: Labiatae.

Aroma: Very clear, sweet and slightly spicy.

General: Basil oil is produced by distilling the leaves of the herb. It has a slightly licorice aroma. Basil originated in India and Hindus have used it for centuries in medicine.

Some Traditional Uses: To brighten mood, strengthen nervous system, improve mental clarity and memory.

Emotional Profile: For relieving indecision and doubts, lack of direction.

Blends Well With: Bergamot, black pepper, clary sage, geranium, hyssop, lavender, marjoram, melissa, neroli, sandalwood, verbena.

organic bergamot essential oil



Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Bergamot Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

6.35

Bergamot Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Bergamot Organic Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality. Contains: Furo Coumarins.

Fully certified.

Botanical Name: Citrus bergamia.

Country Of Origin: Italy.

Family Name: Rutaceae.

Aroma: Light, delicate and refreshing. Something like orange and lemon with slight floral overtones.

General: The bergamot fruit is not edible because the pulp is far too sour. As a result, the bergamot tree is primarily cultivated for its valuable essential oil. Bergamot oil is cold pressed from the fruit peel. It has a sweet & fruity scent. It has a sweet & fruity scent. Bergamot oil is documented in old herbal texts.

Some traditional uses: Balancing nervous system, help relieving anxiety and stress, lifting melancholy, for restful sleep, antiviral and insect repellent. Bergamot may cause skin sensitivity to bright sunlight.

Emotional profile: To relieve helplessness, emptiness and grief.

Blends well with: Lavender, neroli, jasmine, coriander, juniper, chamomile, geranium and cypress.

organic bergamot essential oil



Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Bay Essential Oil - 10ml

4.26

Bay Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Bay Essential Oil In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle.

Botanical Name: Pimenta racemosa.

Country Of Origin: West Indies.

Extraction Description: The volatile oil is steam distilled from the leaves.

Aroma: Fresh, spicy and sweet balsamic undertone. Sweet and spicy, a little like cinnamon.

Perfume Note: Top.

General: The benefit of Bay oil lies in its calming and warming effect on emotions and general aches and pains. Bay essential oil is also helpful with hair and scalp conditions. Bay Essential Oil has a powerful, spicy-medicinal odour, just like the Bay leaves used in cooking. Bay oil has uplifting and grounding properties and is said to clear mental confusion and clarify thought processes.

Bay oil was very popular with the Romans, who thought that the herb was symbolic of wisdom, peace and protection. In ancient Greece athletes were crowned with wreaths of bay.

The bay leaf originated in Asia, and spread to the Mediterranean and other countries with suitable climates.

Properties: Astringent, antiseptic, stimulating, warming, energising.

Blends Well With: cedarwood, coriander, eucalyptus, geranium, ginger, juniper, lavender, lemon, orange, rose, rosemary, thyme and ylang-ylang.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Benzoin Essential Oil - 10ml

3.50

Benzoin Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Benzoin Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Styrax benzoin.

Country Of Origin: Philipines.

Family Name: Styacaceae.

Aroma: Sweet like vanilla.

General: A Birch-like tree growing to 20 feet high, producing white sap which becomes hard and brittle, and yellowish-brown in colour. The tree grows rapidly but is only ''worked'' after seven years. The bark is deliberately cut, causing the sap to run, and it is collected from the bark.

Characteristics: Golden brown, viscous, treacle-like. Warm, balsamic, chocolate-vanilla. Not to be confused with other benzoin species which are used in the purfume trade.

Properties: Antiseptic, antidepressant, vulnerary, expectorant, pectoral.

Blends Well With: Bergamot, coriander, cypress, frankincense, juniper, lavender, lemon, myrrh, orange, petitgrain, rose, sandalwood.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Bergamot Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

6.35

Bergamot Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Bergamot Organic Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Fully certified.

Botanical Name: Citrus bergamia.

Country Of Origin: Italy.

Family Name: Rutaceae.

Aroma: Light, delicate and refreshing. Something like orange and lemon with slight floral overtones.

General: The bergamot fruit is not edible because the pulp is far too sour. As a result, the bergamot tree is primarily cultivated for its valuable essential oil. Bergamot oil is cold pressed from the fruit peel. It has a sweet & fruity scent. It has a sweet & fruity scent. Bergamot oil is documented in old herbal texts.

Some traditional uses: Help balancing the nervous system, relieving anxiety and stress, lifting melancholy, for restful sleep, antiviral, and insect repellent. Bergamot may cause skin sensitivity to bright sunlight.

Emotional profile: To relieve helplessness, emptiness and grief.

Blends well with: Lavender, neroli, jasmine, coriander, juniper, chamomile, geranium and cypress.

organic bergamot essential oil



Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Bergamot (FCF) Essential Oil - 10ml

4.19

Bergamot (FCF) Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Bergamot Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Citrus bergamia.

Country Of Origin: Ivory Coast.

Family Name: Rutaceae.

Aroma: Light, delicate and refreshing. Something like orange and lemon with slight floral overtones.

General: The bergamot fruit is not edible because the pulp is far too sour. As a result, the bergamot tree is primarily cultivated for its valuable essential oil. Bergamot oil is cold pressed from the fruit peel. It has a sweet & fruity scent. Bergamot oil is documented in old herbal texts.

Some Traditional Uses: Balancing the nervous system, helpful relieving anxiety and stress, lifting melancholy, for restful sleep, antiviral and insect repellent. Bergamot may cause skin sensitivity to bright sunlight.

Emotional Profile: To relieve helplessness, emptiness and grief.

Blends Well With: Chamomile, coriander, cypress, eucalyptus, geranium, juniper, jasmine, lavender, lemon, marjoram, neroli, palmarosa, patchouli, ylang ylang.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Black Pepper Essential Oil - 10ml

3.70

Black Pepper Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Black Pepper Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Piper nigrum.

Country Of Origin: South West India.

Family Name: Piperaceae.

Aroma: Very sharp and spicy.

General: Black pepper has a very sharp and spicy aroma. Features: Dark green leaves, white flowers and red fruits adorn this climbing vine-like shrub. Properties: Antiseptic, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, tonic.

Blends Well With: Basil, bergamot, cypress, frankincense, geranium, grapefruit, lemon, palmarosa, rosemary, sandalwood, ylang ylang.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Black Pepper Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

6.95

Black Pepper Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Black Pepper Organic Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Fully certified.

Botanical Name: Piper nigrum.

Country Of Origin: South West India.

Family Name: Piperaceae.

Aroma: Very sharp and spicy.

General: Black pepper has a very sharp and spicy aroma. Features: Dark green leaves, white flowers and red fruits adorn this climbing vine-like shrub. Properties: Antiseptic, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, tonic.

Blends Well With: Basil, bergamot, cypress, frankincense, geranium, grapefruit, lemon, palmarosa, rosemary, sandalwood, ylang ylang.

organic bergamot essential oil



Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Bog Myrtle Essential Oil - 10ml

4.19

Bog Myrtle Essential Oil - 10ml

Bog Myrtle Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Myrica gale.

Country Of Origin: E Europe.

Aroma: Clear, fresh, camphoraceous, sweet herbaceous scent.

Extraction Description: By steam distillation of the blossoms, leaves and twigs.

General: Bog Myrtle Essential Oil. Low growing shrub, found in Scotland. Particularly useful insect repellent for midges. Useful when used diluted to spray horses to keep flies at bay. Used dilluted for oily skin, open pores and acne.

Properties: Insect Repellent, insecticide.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Birch White Essential Oil - 10ml

4.80

Birch White Essential Oil - 10ml

White Birch Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Betula Alba.

Aroma: Fresh green, sweet herbaceous, slightly camphoraceous odour.

Extraction Description: Oil extracted by steam distillation from dried herb.

General: White Birch Essential Oil. Hair rinse. Tones the skin. Can be applied to a variety of skin conditions, when well diluted in the appropriate carrier oil, or cream. Historical Background: Traditionally used through the ages, for application to the skin.

Properties: Astringent, tonic, antiseptic, relaxing, stress releasing.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Birch Sweet Essential Oil - 10ml

5.00

Birch Sweet Essential Oil - 10ml

Sweet Birch Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Betula lenta
.
Aroma: Birch Sweet has a sweet, sharp, camphoraceous scent that is very fresh and similar to Wintergreen.

Extraction Description: Oil extracted by steam distillation from bark.

General: Birch Sweet is credited with being an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-pryetic, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, astringent, depurative, diuretic, and tonic. It is an effective addition to massage oil blends for sore muscles, sprains and painful joints because of its anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties.

Properties: Astringent, tonic, antiseptic, relaxing, stress releasing.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Birch Tar Essential Oil - 10ml

5.05

Birch Tar Essential Oil - 10ml

Birch Tar Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Betula Alba.

Aroma: Reminiscent of tar, charred wood and smoke. Many have compared it to the scent of a campfire. Birch tar oil contains, amongst other constituents, guaiacol, cresol, and pyrocatechol . Birch tar is a thick, bituminous, brownish-black liquid, with a pungent, balsamic odour.

Extraction Description: Steam Distillation. The tar is produced from the bark of various birch species by slow destructive distillation.

General: The birch tree is native to the northern hemisphere and grows up to 15-20 meters in height. It has slender branches, silver-white bark broken into scales and light green oval leaves.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Clementine Essential Oil - 10ml

2.79

Clementine Essential Oil - 10ml

Clementine Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Citrus nobilis.

Country Of Origin: Italy.

Extraction Method: Cold Press.

Aroma: Clementine essential oil has a fresh, crisp citrus aroma.

General: The Clementine tree is a cross between a sweet orange tree and a mandarin tree. In ancient times Clementines were referred to as the crown jewels of the mandarin family. The clergyman Pierre Clement is credited with crossing a mandarin and an orange. This coupling resulted in a seedless mandarin with a looser skin that was easier to peel.

Blends Well With: Clementine blends easily with other essential oils - particularly those from the citrus and floral family.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Carnation Abs Diluted (5% Jojoba Oil) 10ml

4.75

Carnation Abs Diluted (5% Jojoba Oil) 10ml

Carnation, Diluted Absolute Oil 5% In Jojoba Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Dianthus caryophyllus.

Country Of Origin: France.

Aroma: Rich, warm, meadow sweet aroma, with floral overtone.

General: Carnation Absolute 5%. Used in perfumery. No known toxicity. Sometimes used for stress release. Used in Chinese traditions for damp heat conditions. Oil obtained from solvent extraction of clove pink flowers.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cajaput Essential Oil - 10ml

3.50

Cajaput Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cajaput Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Melaleuca Leucodendron.

Country Of Origin: Vietnam.

Family: Myrtaceae.

Aroma: Sweet, herbaceous and rather penetrating.

General: The oil is steam distilled from the leaves and twigs of the cajaputi tree. The name Cajaput comes from the Malay 'Caju-Puti' meaning white tree. The oil was used as the traditional remedy for rheumatism and cholera and revered for its antiseptic qualities. It has been used since the 17th century by Europeans. The yellowish-green essential oil has a penetratingly, sweet, herbaceous aroma. It inhibits the spread of bacteria prevalent in sinus, throat, bronchial cough and respiratory infections, giving temporary relief to these symptoms. It is a germ killer, excellent for coughs and gives temporary relief to muscular and rheumatic aches and pains.

Emotions/Mind And Nervous System: Cheering, sense enhancing, mildly euphoric. Aids relaxation and emotional balance.

Skin/Hair: Helpful for oily or spotty skin and insect bites. Actions: mildly analgesic, antimicrobial, antineuralgic, antispasmodic, antiseptic (pulmonary, urinary, intestinal), anthelminthic, diaphoretic, carminative, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, sudorific, tonic.

Blends Well With: Angelica, bergamot, birch, cardamom, clove, geranium, immortelle, lavender, myrtle, niaouli, nutmeg, rose, rosewood, thyme.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Carrot Seed Essential Oil - 10ml

5.00

Carrot Seed Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Carrot Seed Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Dauca carota.

Country Of Origin: France.

Family Name: Umbelliferae.

Aroma: Carrot seed has a slightly sweet and dry-woody, earthy scent.

Some Traditional Uses: for help with toning and rejuvenating mature skin, wrinkles and scars, and as a stimulant to immune and lymphatic systems, for relieving PMS and regulating monthly cycles, to ease anxiety and stress. Traditionally helps with inner vision.

Blends Well With: Bergamot, juniper, lavender, lemon, lime, melissa, neroli, orange, petitgrain, rosemary, verbena.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Caraway Essential Oil - 10ml

4.90

Caraway Essential Oil - 10ml

Caraway Pure Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Carum carvi.

Country Of Origin: France.

Aroma: Strong warm spicy odour. Fragrance can be overpowering, so dilute well.

Extraction Description: Steam Distillation from dried ripe seed.

General: Caraway Essential Oil. Used extensively as a domestic spice. A biennial herb. Stomach tonic, when used in massage.

Historial Background: Traditionally used as a rub for tummy upsets.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cardomom Essential Oil - 10ml

7.40

Cardomom Essential Oil - 10ml

Cardomom Pure Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Elettaria cardamomum.

Country Of Origin: India.

Aroma: Sweet and spicy, warming with a balsamic under tone.

Extraction Description: By steam distillation.

General: Cardomom Essential Oil. Expansion, stimulating. Warming oil with balsamic undertone. When diluted in a carrier oil use as massage for digestive upsets (10 drops of oil with 4 teaspoons of carrier oil). Gently massage into the abdomen. Vaporise for mental fatigue & nervous tension.

Properties: Stimulating, warming, mental fatigue, nervous tension.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Calendula Abs Diluted (5%) 10ml

4.10

Calendula Abs Diluted (5%) 10ml

Calendula, Diluted Absolute Oil 5% In Grapeseed Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Calendula officinalis.

Country Of Origin: France.

Aroma: Intensely sharp, herbaceous odour.

Extraction Description: Solvent extracted from marigolds.

General: Calendula Absolute 5%. Used in creams, oils, and powders for babies. Skin fresheners, hair preparations, lotions, suntan gels, greasy skin. Soothes nipples when breast feeding (add to base cream or carrier oils). Useful babies bottoms(dilute well in cream).

Properties: Soothing.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cassia Essential Oil - 10ml

3.70

Cassia Essential Oil - 10ml

Cassia Essential Oil Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Cinnamonum cassia.

Country Of Origin: China.

Aroma: Sweet, woody-spicy tenacious odour.

Extraction Description: The volatile by steam obtained by steam distillation of the twigs and bark

General: Cassia Essential Oil. Used commercially in toothpaste, mouthwashes and gargles. Cassia is used in the making of Easter biscuits. Similar properties to cinnamon.

Historial Background: Valued in China as a strong yang tonic.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Camphor Essential Oil - 10ml

3.40

Camphor Essential Oil - 10ml

Camphor Pure Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Cinnamomum camphora.

Country Of Origin: China.

Aroma: Piercing. Sharp. Pungent. Camphoraceous odour.

Extraction Description: The volatile oil is obtained by steam distillation of the wood of the Camphor Tree followed by fractionation of the oil.

General: Camphor Essential Oil. Always use well diluted. Warming oil during the winter season. Can be used as a steam inhalent (a few drops of oil in water). Insect repellent (flies and moths).

Historial Background: Traditionally used as a deodorant, soothing agent, skin conditioner and relaxant.

Properties: Warming, Insect Repellant.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cade Essential Oil - 10ml

3.75

Cade Essential Oil - 10ml

Cade Pure Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Juniperus oxycedrus.

Country Of Origin: Southern France.

Aroma: Cade has an intense, tar-like, woody, dry, smoky phenolic odor.

Extraction Description: Steam distillation of the wood.

General: A large evergreen shrub up to 13ft high, with long dark needles and brownish-black berries about the size of hazelnuts. The essential oil is obtained by destructive distillation from the branches and heartwood.

Blends well with: Cedarwood; Clove Bud; Labdanum; Origanum; Rosemary; Thyme.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Curcuma Essential Oil - 10ml

3.55

Curcuma Essential Oil - 10ml

Curcuma Pure Essential Oil. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Curcuma longa.

Country Of Origin: India.

Aroma: Curcuma essential oil has the same spicy, fresh woods aroma as the powdered spice Tumeric used in Eastern cuisine. Many would argue that the oil is more brilliant, and more delicious.

Extraction Description: Steam distillation of the seeds.

General: Curcuma is a perennial plant with roots or tubers. It is a deep orange on the inside and has roots about 2 feet long. The traditional use of Curcuma was in India as an antiseptic. It has been in very wide use by women for skin care, particularly to discourage facial hair and acne. Curcuma is often compared to its cousin Turmeric - a very well known spice around the world.

Blends well with: Curcuma essential oil lends a very distinct softness and roundness to any spicy scent or blend. This includes Ginger and other spice oils, as well as Ylang Ylang and Clary Sage.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cedarwood Essential Oil - 10ml

2.80

Cedarwood Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cedarwood Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Juniperus viriniana.

Country Of Origin: USA.

Aroma: Woody, reminiscent of sandalwood but slightly 'dryer'.

General: This calming and soothing oil is beneficial for all states of tension and anxiety, instilling feelings of peace. It is used for meditation. Excellent for ''clogged up'' individuals. Beneficial for the respiratory system, cedarwood appears to break up catarrh and help to expel mucus. Effective for the urinary tract, easing vaginal infections and discharges. Helpful with burning pains and itching. Helpful for oily skin, acne, cellulite and chronic skin conditions.

Blends Well With: Benzoin, bergamot, cinnamon, cypress, frankincense, jasmine, juniper, lavender, lemon, linden blossom, neroli, rose, rosemary.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cedarwood (Atlas) Essential Oil - 10ml

2.95

Cedarwood (Atlas) Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cedarwood Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Cedrus Atlantica.

Aroma: Woody, reminiscent of sandalwood but slightly 'dryer'.

General: This calming and soothing oil is beneficial for all states of tension and anxiety, instilling feelings of peace. It is used for meditation. Cedarwood stimulates the lymphatic system and excellent for ''clogged up'' individuals. Beneficial for the respiratory system, cedarwood appears to break up catarrh and help to expel mucus. Effective for the urinary tract, easing vaginal infections and discharges. Can help with burning pains and itching. Helpful for oily skin, acne, cellulite and chronic skin conditions.

Blends Well With: Benzoin, bergamot, cinnamon, cypress, frankincense, jasmine, juniper, lavender, lemon, linden blossom, neroli, rose, rosemary.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cedarwood Atlas Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

4.09

Cedarwood Atlas Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cedarwood Organic Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Fully certified.

Botanical Name: Cedrus Atlantica.

Aroma: Woody, reminiscent of sandalwood but slightly 'dryer'.

General: This calming and soothing oil is beneficial for all states of tension and anxiety, instilling feelings of peace. It is used for meditation. Cedarwood stimulates the lymphatic system and excellent for ''clogged up'' individuals. Beneficial for the respiratory system, cedarwood appears to break up catarrh and help to expel mucus. Effective for the urinary tract, easing vaginal infections and discharges. Helpful for oily skin, acne, cellulite and chronic skin conditions.

Blends Well With: Benzoin, bergamot, cinnamon, cypress, frankincense, jasmine, juniper, lavender, lemon, linden blossom, neroli, rose, rosemary.

organic bergamot essential oil



Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Celery Seed Essential Oil - 10ml

4.90

Celery Seed Essential Oil - 10ml

Celery Seed Pure Essential. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Apium graveolens.

Country Of Origin: India.

Aroma: Spicy, warm, sweet & long lasting odour.

Extraction Description: The volatile oil extracted from the seeds of the herb.

General: Celery seed essential oil. Detoxifying and a digestive tonic. Use as a massage with carrier oils for a muscle and joint ease and gently massage for tummy upsets.

Historial Background: Cultivated for at least 3000 years.

Properties: Anti-cellulite, muscle & joint ease, digestive tonic, detoxifying.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Chamomile (Roman) Dilute Essential Oil - 10ml

3.90

Chamomile (Roman) Dilute Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Chamomile (Roman) Dilute Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Amthemis nobillis.

Country Of Origin: UK.

Family Name: Compositae.

Aroma: A fruity, apple-like fragrance.

General: The oil distilled from the flowers. It has a sweet and fruity aroma. Chamomile was a sacred herb of the Saxons.

Some Traditional Uses: To help relieve muscular pain, help as a sedative, ease anxiety and nervous tension, to help with sleeplessness.

Emotional Profile: To relieve anger, hysteria, fear, spirit disconnection, grief, worry.

Blends Well With: Angelica, benzoin, bergamot, clary sage, geranium, jasmine, lavender, lemon, marjoram, neroli, palmarosa, patchouli, rose, sandalwood, ylang ylang.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Chamomile Roman Pure (undiluted), Pure Absolute & Precious Oil - 10ml

10.85

Chamomile Roman Pure (undiluted), Pure Absolute & Precious Oil - 10ml

Species: Anthemis nobilis.

Origin: UK.

Extraction Process: Steam distillation.

Perfume Note: Middle.

Extraction Description: The volatile oil obtained by steam distillation of the dried flowering heads or whole plant of the herb.

Scent Description: Sweet fruity herbaceous scent.

General Description: Chamomile Roman Essential Oil is a must for the first aid cabinet. It is well known for its strong soothing effect on mind and body. It is excellent for protecting dry skin and is a good hair tonic - especially for fair hair. It's excellent for massage with children as it soothes and calms and can be useful for adults and children alike at night or in stressful situations. Roman Chamomile is a comforting oil during high pollen count (unless you have an allergy to the ragweeds).

Properties: Soothing, calming, relaxing. A Very versatile oil used in skincare.

Chamomile Matricaria, (undiluted) Pure Absolute & Precious Oil - 5ml

17.60

Chamomile Matricaria, (undiluted) Pure Absolute & Precious Oil - 5ml

Species: Chamomilla recutita.

Origin: EU/Egypt.

Extraction Process: Solvent Extraction.

Perfume Note: Middle.

Extraction Description: Extraction of plant material using solvents, which are then carefully distilled off.

Scent Description: Strong, sweetish, warm, herbaceous odour.

General Description: Chamomile Matricaria Absolute. Also known as blue Chamomile/German Chamomile. Properties are even greater than Roman due to higher percentage of azulene. Greatly beneficial to the skin. A must for first aid cabinet. Excellent for massage with children as it soothes and calms. Useful at night and in stressful situations. Hair care tonic especially for fair hair. A gentle oil suitable for the young & fragile. Traditionally used as a muscle relaxant and skin conditioner. Well known for its strong soothing effect on mind & body. The Roman & German are excellent for protecting dry skin.

Properties: Soothing, calming, relaxing. Good for skin complaints.

Chamomile Matricaria Abs Diluted (5%) 10ml

4.19

Chamomile Matricaria Abs Diluted (5%) 10ml

Chamomile Matricaria, Diluted Absolute Oil 5% In Grapeseed. In a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Chamomilla recutita.

Country Of Origin: Hungary/U.K./Egypt.

Aroma: Strong, sweetish, warm, herbaceous odour.

General: Chamomile Matricaria 5%. A must for first aid cabinet. Excellent for massage with children, soothes and calms. Useful at night and in stressful situations. Hair care tonic especially for fair hair. A gentle oil suitable for the young & fragile. Well known for its strong soothing effect on mind & body. The Roman & German are excellent for protecting dry skin.

Properties: Soothing, calming, relaxing.

Constituents/Active Ingredients: Properties are even greater than Roman Chamomile due to higher percentage of azulene( gives the oil the wonderful blue colour).

Historial Background: Used in herbalism for 2,000 years. One of the Saxons nine sacred herbs. Traditionally used as a muscle relaxant and skin conditioner.

Blends Well With: Geranium, Lavender, Patchouli, Rose, Benzoin, Orange Blossom, Bergamot, Marjoram, Lemon, Ylang Ylang, Jasmine, Clary Sage and Labdanum.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil - 10ml

3.00

Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Cinnamomum zeyfanicum.

Country Of Origin: India.

Family Name: Lauraceae.

Aroma: Spicy, sharp, sweet and musky.

General: Rich in colour and smell, a powerful, deliciously agreeable spicy oil with warming and stimulating properties. Excellent for helping with exhaustion, weakness and muscular aches, particularly resulting from flu. Particularly good for the elderly during winter for prevention as well as a speedy recovery. Useful for coughs and colds and correcting imbalances resulting in flatulence, diarrhoea, colic and sluggish digestion.

Blends Well With: Benzoin, cardamon, clove, coriander, frankincense, galbanum, ginger, grapefruit, lavender, orange, pine, rosemary, thyme.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil - 10ml

3.55

Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Cinnamomum cassia blume.

Country Of Origin: China.

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation of the bark.

Aroma: Cinnamon Bark has a warm, spicy scent that is somewhere between clove and cinnamon. It is slightly herbaceous with pepper notes.

General: The cinnamon tree is an evergreen native to Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, China and Vietnam. It has shiny, leathery green leaves, and small, white flowers with oval shaped purple berries.

Blends Well With: Frankincense, Lavender, Cedarwood, Elemi, citrus oils, Ylang Ylang and other floral notes, Benzoin.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Citronella Essential Oil - 10ml

2.80

Citronella Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Citronella Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Cymbopogon nardus.

Country Of Origin: China.

Family Name: Graminea.

Aroma: Slightly sweet and lemony.

General: The oil is distilled from the herb. It has a fresh grassy-woody scent. Traditional Chinese medicine currently uses this herb for rheumatic pain.

Some Traditional Uses: As a mosquito (or any insect) repellent, for colds, flu and neuralgia, to help relieve pain of rheumatism and arthritis, melancholy. Avoid using on sensitive or damaged skin.

Blends Well With: Bergamot, cajuput, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, neroli, peppermint, petitgrain, sage, ylang ylang.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Clary Sage Essential Oil - 10ml

3.19

Clary Sage Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Clary Sage Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Salvia sclarea.

Country Of Origin: Russia.

Family Name: Labiatae.

Aroma: A herbal, nutty fragrance.

General: Clary sage oil is distilled from the flowering tops and the herb. It has a spicy, hay-like aroma. It has been called ''clear eye'' and was used for healing eye problems in times past.

Some Traditional Uses: Help with relieving stress and tension, lifting melancholy, easing pain, restful sleep, as an aphrodisiac; contains estrogen-like hormone, for menopause and PMS, relieving nervous exhaustion. Clary Sage should be avoided during pregnancy, or if you have endometriosis, breast, ovarian and uterine cysts and other estrogen dependant conditions (cancers).

Emotional Profile: For relieving worry, crying, guilt, obsessions and compulsions, hostility, panic.

Blends Well With: Lavender, frankincense, sandalwood, cedarwood. Citrus oils such as lemon, orange, grapefruit, and bergamot. Rosemary, marjoram, patchouli, clary sage, chamomile, cedarwood, clove, and tea tree.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Clary Sage Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

6.80

Clary Sage Organic Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Clary Sage Organic Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Fully certified.

Botanical Name: Salvia sclarea.

Country Of Origin: Western Europe.

Family Name: Labiatae.

Aroma: A herbal, nutty fragrance.

General: Clary sage oil is distilled from the flowering tops and the herb. It has a spicy, hay-like aroma. It has been called ''clear eye'' and was used for healing eye problems in times past.

Some traditional uses: Helping with relieving stress and tension, lifting melancholy, easing pain, restful sleep, as an aphrodisiac; contains estrogen-like hormone, for menopause and PMS, relieving nervous exhaustion. Clary Sage should be avoided during pregnancy, or if you have endometriosis, breast, ovarian and uterine cysts and other estrogen dependant conditions (cancers).

Emotional profile: For relieving worry, crying, guilt, obsessions and compulsions, hostility, panic.

Blends well with: Juniper, bergamot, lavender, frankincense, coriander, cardamon, geranium, sandalwood, cedarwood, pine and jasmine.

organic bergamot essential oil



Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Clove Bud Essential Oil - 10ml

3.70

Clove Bud Essential Oil - 10ml

Clove Bud, Pure Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Eugenia Caryophyllata.

Country Of Origin: Madagascar.

Aroma: It has a spicy, fruity, warm and sweet aroma.

Perfume Note: Middle.

Extraction Description: This particular oil is collected from the bud and is lower in eugenol content.

General: Some traditional uses: Fungal infections, as a mosquito repellent, to relieve fatigue and melancholy, as an aphrodisiac.

Properties: Antiseptic, fungicidal, warming, soothing.

Blends Well With: Rose, ylang ylang, clary sage, bergamot, and bay laurel.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Coriander Essential Oil - 10ml

3.90

Coriander Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Coriander Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Coriandum sativum.

Country Of Origin: Russia.

Family Name: Umbelliferae.

Aroma: Slightly pungent, sweet and spicy.

General: Coriander oil is distilled from the seeds. It has a spicy, sweet and fragrant aroma. Coriander seeds were found in the Egyptian tomb of Ramses II.

Some Traditional Uses: Help with relieving muscular aches and pains, increasing circulation, for help with sleep and nervous exhaustion. Use in moderation and avoid if you have fibrosis or breast cancer.

Emotional Profile: To relieve doubt, fear of failure, feelings of vulnerability, weariness and irritability.

Blends Well With: Bergamot, black pepper, cinnamon, citronella, cypress, galbanum, geranium, ginger, jasmine, lemon, melissa, neroli, orange.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cumin Essential Oil - 10ml

5.70

Cumin Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cumin Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Cuminum cyminum.

Country Of Origin: Egypt.

Family Name: Umbelliferae.

Aroma: Spicy, penetrating and extremely pungent.

General: The aroma is very powerful and diffusive. Small amounts are used in spicy, herbal, woody-floral and Oriental perfumes.

Aromatherapy benefits: Energizing, toning, warming.

Blends Well With Many Oils Including: Angelica, caraway, chamomile, coriander.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Cypress Essential Oil - 10ml

4.00

Cypress Essential Oil - 10ml

100% Pure Cypress Essential Oil Supplied In A 10ml Amber Glass Bottle, With Tamper Evident Dropper Cap To Ensure Perfect Quality.

Botanical Name: Cupressus sempervirens.

Country Of Origin: Spain.

Family Name: Cupressaceae.

Aroma: Woody and slightly spicy yet clear and refreshing.

General: Cypress oil has a woody and slightly spicy yet clear and refreshing.

Features: The Cypress is a tall, conical tree common to the Mediterranean region. It is a familiar feature in gardens and cemeteries on the Greek Islands.

Properties: Antirheumatic, antiseptic, deodorant, sedative, tonic.

Blends Well With: Benzoin, bergamot, clary sage, juniper, lavender, lemon, linden, blossom, orange, pine, rosemary, sandalwood.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and has a very relaxing effect, on the other hand bergamot oil combines the ability to fight infection and induces an emotionally uplifting effect. Use only two or three essences in the bath. When you know each one very well you may choose to use a maximum of four, although just two can often have a more powerful effect than four - less generally means more with essential oils.
Fill the bath, add the essential oil(s) (up to 6 drops or as directed), then agitate the water to disperse the oil(s). Soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes, and make sure the bathroom door is closed so that you get the benefit of inhaling the aroma as well as getting the oil directly into the body via the water. For some conditions, or if preferred, the essential oils can be diluted in a massage carrier oil first, which will help to disperse the oil throughout the water. Alternatively, use ready blended (in carrier oil) or specially formulated bath oil, which has the added benefits of moisturising the body, giving a bubble/foam bath and helping to carry the essential oil out of the bath.

Benefits: The use of oils in a bath is useful for all conditions but will be particularly beneficial for muscular and skin conditions, while respiratory problems will benefit from the inhalation of the aroma. Stress, anxiety and other mental health problems will also be improved. Anyone suffering with insomnia will find a pre-retiring bath with Lavender, Bergamot, Petitgrain, Neroli as well as other oils a great aid to restful sleep.

Lotions And Creams

Essential oils can be added to fragrance-free lotions or creams, but make sure that you use a very good quality product that if preferably lanolin free (some people are sensitive to lanolin).

How to use: Add the essential oil(s) to a dark amber glass jar to help preserve the oil and prevent it from reacting with a plastic bottle. The recommended dosage is approximately 1-2 drops of essential oil to every 5mg of cream or 5ml of lotions. Apply lotion to the skin and rub until completely absorbed. Cream should be applied to the skin and gently rubbed in. Leave the rest to sit on the surface of the skin and gradually release the oil into the body and the aroma into the nose.

Benefits: This is a particularly good way of treating most skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, which will benefit greatly. A lotion is an excellent way to get essential oils rapidly into the bloodstream and is therefore useful for treating conditions such as circulation problems. Lotions and creams can be effectively used for headaches, while creams are a good way of treating respiratory conditions. Both are an essential medium for general body and skin care.

Inhalation

Inhalation is very useful for relieving congestion, easing catarrh and soothing the respiratory tract. The method of covering the head with a towel and inhaling the vapour from eucalyptus and camphor is still very popular today.

How to use: Pour a pint of very hot water into a bowl, then add up to 3-4 drops of essential oil(s) to the water. Cover your head with a towel and then lean over the bowl, keeping your head about 10 or 12 inches above the bowl. Keep your eyes closed and then inhale the vapours for a few minutes, then lean back and relax for a couple of minutes. Repeat for up to 10 minutes or as long as is comfortable. Repeat several times a day if required. A facial steamer may be used instead of a bowl with 3-5 drops of essential oil(s).

Benefits: Respiratory conditions will benefit most from this treatment method. Eucalyptus, Scots Pine, Niaouli and several other oils are excellent decongestants renowned for their ability to help most respiratory conditions. Inhalation is also a good way of treating facial skin problems as its effect is the same as that achieved by a facial sauna.

Compress

Compresses can be either hot or cold depending on the condition that is being treated. It is well-known and frequently used treatment method for sports injuries in particular, though its uses are much wider than this and can be very effective for pain, swelling and inflammation.

How to use: The method is the same whether hot or cold. Add up to 5 drops of essential oil(s) to a basin or bowl of hot or icy cold water. Use a face-cloth, lined pad, cotton wool or other absorbent fabric and dip this into water. Wring out the excess and place the pad on the affected area. Once the compress has achieved body temperature, renew it and continue as required. A hot compress can be held in place with crepe bandage on joints or with cling-film on larger areas, for example the lower back.

Benefits: Most conditions characterized by 'aches', for example earache, backache, etc, should be treated with hot compresses, while sprains, fevers, inflammations and headaches should be treated with cold compresses. Sprains and varicose veins respond very well to the 'hot/cold' treatment, ie start with a cold compress then alternate between hot and cold compresses over the next few days, finishing with a cold one.

Massage

Massage is a method favored by professional aromatherapists, who usually carry out a full body massage. Specific essential oils are chosen to suit the condition and temperament of the patient, and blended with a base oil, such as sweet almond oil or grapeseed oil.

How to use: The essential oil content in a blend should usually be between 1 per cent and 3 per cent depending on the type of disorder. As a general rule, physical ailments like rheumatism or indigestion demand a stronger concentration than the more emotional or nervous conditions. A rough guideline is to say that 20 drops of essential oil is equivalent to one milliliter, so to make a blend it is possible to use the following proportions:
  • 20 to 60 drops of essential oil to 100ml of base oil.
  • 7 to 25 drops of essential oil to 25ml of base oil.
  • 3 to 5 drops of essential oil to 1 tsp of base oil.

Benefits: Massage is a relaxing and nourishing experience in itself, not least because of the unspoken communication based on touch, but it also ensures that the oils are effectively absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For general well-being it is beneficial to practice self-massage on specific areas of the body, especially concentrating on the feet and hands. It is also useful to rub those. It is also useful to rub those particular parts of the body that are causing discomfort; for example, peppermint ( in dilution) can be rubbed on the stomach in a clock-wise direction to ease indigestion; Marjoram can help to relax the neck and shoulders if they are stiff.

Other Methods

There are many other methods of using essential oils. The following is a brief summary of some of them.

Room Sprays

Make a home-made room spray using a sprayer that has been thoroughly cleaned, to provide your own favorite aromas to freshen your home. It is perfectly possible to make a room spray using a simple solution of cold water with added essential oils (stick to a 5 drops to 10ml maximum). This will mean that every time you use it you will have to make sure you shake it vigorously to disperse the oils in the water. You can 'fix' the aroma and also help to disperse the oils equally in the water by using distilled water (boiled then cooled water) and adding 10 per cent alcohol (preferably vodka).

Radiators And Humidifiers

Drops of oil can be placed in a saucer of water placed on top of a radiator, radiator fragrancer, or on to a ball of damp cotton wool placed behind the radiator. Drops of oil can also be added to the water in a humidifier. All these methods can be used as an alternative to a room burner.

Foot Bath

For foot problems, and as a way of introducing essential oils into the body for other problems, a foot bath can be used. This can either be a piece of equipment specially made for the purpose or a bowl of warm water. Add 2-4 drops of oil to the bath, disperse and immerse feet for up to 20 minutes; adding a bath carrier will help. A hand bath can achieve the same result for hand problems, and achieved in the same way, but only immerse for 10 minutes.

Tissue/Handkerchief/Pillow

Any method that allows inhalation of the oils is an alternative to steam inhalation. Some specific methods not mentioned so far are a tissue/handkerchief - add 1 or 2 drops of oil to your pillow at night so that the oil can be inhaled throughout the night.

Pot-pourri

Although not a recognized therapeutic method, a pot-pourri is a pleasant way of creating an aromatic atmosphere in a house or other rooms in the home. Adding essential oils to a pot-pourri will fragrance a room and introduce the essential oils into the body through inhalation.

Blending Oils

Essential oils can be used alone or blended together. Oils are blended for two reasons: to enhance or change their medicinal actions and to create a more sophisticated fragrance. In purfumery many oils are blended together. For therapeutic purposes it is unusual to mix more than four oils together. When blending oils at home it is best to mix no more than two or three oils. This is because blending has been shown to alter the molecular structure of essential oils and you may end up with a blend that acts differently from what you had intended. Make sure the properties of the oils are complementary.

Blending Guidelines

Choose two or three oils which you believe complement each other. Generally all flower oils work well together; woody oils enhance the resinous oils and other woody essences; the essential oils derived from herbs tend to blend harmoniously with each other; and the range of oils from fruits blend well with essences from their own botanical family .Mix a blend using a little of the strongest scented oils and more of the lighter fragrances. The best blend is usually the one you find most appealing.

Storing Oils

Essential oils are very volatile, ie they evaporate quickly when exposed to the air. Air will also cause oxidisation of the oils, and they are also affected by light and heat. Always buy and store your essential oils in brown amber glass bottles with air-tight, child-proof caps. Keep them in a cool dark place such as a refrigerator if it is kept at a reasonable temperature. Most essential oils, if stored correctly, will keep for up to two years. Some citrus oils such as Orange and Grapefruit may only be effectively used for up to six months. They will then go cloudy through oxidization. Some oils like Sandalwood, Frankincense and Patchouli actually mature and mellow with age. Once blended with other oils, and in carriers, oils will begin to oxidise, weaken and go rancid. This process, however, does take three months or more, and if you store your blends under the same conditions as your essential oils they should be perfectly satisfactory if used within the three months.

Safety Precautions

Warning: Never use essential oils directly on to the skin. Never take essential oils by mouth. If swallowed accidentally, eat bread, drink plenty of milk, and seek professional help. Always consult a qualified practitioner for advice and treatment:
  • If you are pregnant
  • Have an allergy
  • Have a chronic medical condition such as high blood pressure or epilepsy
  • Are receiving medical or psychiatric treatment Are taking homeopathic remedies
  • When treating babies or very young children




Clove Leaf Essential Oil - 10ml

3.60

Clove Leaf Essential Oil - 10ml

Clove Leaf, Pure Essential Oil. Supplied in a 10ml Amber Glass Dropper Bottle.

Botanical Name: Eugenia Caryophyllata.

Country Of Origin: Madagascar.

Aroma: It has a spicy, fruity, warm and sweet aroma.

Perfume Note: Middle.

Extraction Description: This particular oil is collected from the bud and is lower in eugenol content.

General: Some traditional uses: Fungal infections, as a mosquito repellent, to help relieve fatigue and melancholy, as an aphrodisiac.

Properties: Antiseptic, fungicidal, warming, soothing.

Blends Well With: Rose, ylang ylang, clary sage, bergamot, and bay laurel.


Methods Of Use (And General Help & Information About Essential Oils)

There are many ways of using essential oils, and at least one of them will be right for you. Essential oils are the basic tools of aromatherapy. The oils, which are extracted from plants, can be used to treat all systems of the mind, and imbalances of the emotions. There are many ways to use essential oils. Professional aromatherapists tend to favor massage as the most effective way of getting oils into the body. Massage also increases the healing potential of aromatherapy. The medicinal properties of the essential oils and the nurturing power of touch combine to form a potent healing treatment. Massage can be relaxing or energizing, it can sooth the nervous system or boost the blood and lymphatic systems to improve pysical and mental functioning. Not least among its benefits is the way it can ease pain and tension from tense or overworked muscles and lift the spirits. Whenever possible, try to include massage in your home aromatherapy treatments; where this is not possible, use any of the other methods mentioned below. It is not an exhaustive list and you may well know, or you may discover, other methods.

Room Burner (oil burner; lamp ring; diffuser; vaporiser)

Room burners are specifically made for use with essential oils. You can buy them in many different shapes, sizes, designs and patterns. They can be electric, radiator fragrancer, candle powered or a ceramic light bulb ring that is heated by a light bulb, but most are ceramic oil burners warmed by a small candle. Also remember that a glazed ceramic oil burner will not crack, burn or stain, and is easy to keep clean. Always try to use good quality night lights with a good quality wick so that it will not smell when alight or smoke when blown out.

How to use: Place a small amount of cold water in the bowl, enough to fill it but leaving some space for water expansion. The essential oils of your choice are then dropped into the water ( 6-8 drops will normally be used depending on the size of the bowl and the amount of water being used). Place the candle in the chamber, light it and leave in a safe place. Use for 25-30 minutes this will, of course, depend on the size of the room or house etc.

Benefits: Psychological conditions can be treated very effectively with a room burner. Headaches respond well to this method and all respiratory problems can be treated in this way. A major use of the room burner is to scent and purify the air, clear germs and create a 'therapeutic atmosphere'.

Aromatic Baths

Aromatic baths are one of the most convenient and health-giving methods of using pure essential oils. When used in this way these healing essences not only affect the physical body but the mental and emotional levels too. They can be detoxifying, relaxing, invigorating, emotionally uplifting and sensual. To some degree all essential oils have antibacterial properties, especially lavender and bergamot, while some like eucalyptus and tea tree are also effective when treating viruses. So regular aromatic baths can be useful to help prevent and treat a range of common ailments as well as uplifting or calming the emotions. These qualities plus the way the essences are readily absorbed by the body makes aromatic bathing an essential and luxurious addition to everyday life.

Recipes For Aromatic Baths

Invigorating bath: For an enlivening start to the day use the following blend of essential oils in a warm bath. To enhance the effect finish with a cool shower or splash your body briefly with cold water. For a more fruity aroma add 3 drops of lemon oil instead of geranium.
  • Sweet basil oil = 2 drops
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Rosemary = 4 drops

Relaxing bath: For a deeply relaxing bath at the end of the day add the following essential oils to a full, warm bath. For a more floral quality add 3 drops of neroli oil instead of sweet marjoram.
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Sweet marjoram oil = 3 drops

Revitalising bath: This combination of essences in a warm bath is ideal to use when you've had a long day and need re-energising. For a less fruity aroma but equally reviving effect add 3 drops of rosewood instead of grapefruit oil.
  • Geranium oil = 3 drops
  • Grapefruit oil = 3 drops
  • Myrtle = 4 drops

Emotionally uplifting bath: To melt away stressful or negative thoughts and uplift your spirits use the following combination of essential oils in a warm bath. Soak for at least 15 minutes inhaling the aromatic vapours. If you feel like treating yourself add 2 drops of rose or jasmine essential oil instead of petitgrain.
  • Bergamot oil = 4 drops
  • Clary sage oil = 3 drops
  • Petitgrain = 3 drops

Sensual bath: For a sensual bath for one or two add the following essential oils to a warm bath. Do make sure the blend is pleasing to both of you. For a more 'earthy' aroma use 3 drops of patchouli instead of myrtle oil, or leave out rose and myrtle altogether and substitute them with 3 drops of jasmine.
  • Sandalwood oil = 4 drops
  • Myrtle oil = 3 drops
  • Rose oil = 1 drops
  • Ylang Ylang oil = 2 drops

Purifying bath: Use this bath to help strengthen the body and combat infections like colds and flu. If desired use 2 drops of penetrating eucalyptus instead of bergamot oil.
  • Bergamot oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 4 drops
  • Tea Tree = 3 drops

Children's bath: If children see you relaxing in a fragrant bath it won't be long before they want one too! Mix the following essential oils into 2 to 3 teaspoons of base oil, then add warm water to create a delightful bath. The dosages are suitable for children over six years old. This combination is ideal for bedtime as it soothes the emotions.
  • Mandarin oil = 3 drops
  • Lavender oil = 3 drops

How to use: First ask yourself what effect you'd like from your aromatic bath, then select an essential oil whose aroma pleases you and also suits your physical and emotional needs. For example, if you have a cold, lavender oil will help to combat infection and